If you are planning to grow green beans this year, you should consider the following tips. Start planting them 10 to 12 weeks before the first frost. Water them regularly, avoid using fertilizers with high levels of nitrogen, and protect their roots with mulch. In this article, you will learn about how to grow green beans with minimum fuss. Hopefully, this article will prove useful to you. Until then, happy gardening! The following tips will help you grow healthy, beautiful green beans this year.
Planting green beans 10 to 12 weeks before the first expected frost
As with all vegetables, planting green beans in late fall is the best time to begin harvesting the crop. Beans do best in soil that has been amended with compost. They are low-maintenance plants that require little care beyond vigilance against diseases and pests. The Provider variety is a good choice for fall planting as it is tolerant of cool soil and gives northern gardeners an early start to spring planting. Provider plants bear dozens of green pods a pod.
When planting green beans, make sure to do so after the risk of frost has passed. For bush types, plant seeds 3 to 4 inches apart. Plant beans two inches apart for more weight and smaller beans. Generally, green beans are ready to harvest 55 days after germination. You may wish to thin the plants by cutting back the seedlings that don't grow in the proper location.
Watering green beans
Watering green beans is important to ensure proper growth. While they are naturally pest resistant, they can be infested by weeds, which can make harvesting them difficult. When growing green beans, be sure to space your plants appropriately, as the best spacing will encourage good air flow. However, if you do not follow these steps, you may find your green beans suffering from a variety of diseases. Listed below are some of the main reasons why you should water your green beans regularly.
For best results, water green beans in the morning or in the early evening. As the beans are shallow-rooted, they need about one inch of water per week. In hotter days, watering them may be necessary up to two inches. Use a soaker hose or drip irrigation system to help you monitor your watering schedule and avoid over-watering. Do not water the plant directly overhead, as this can encourage the growth of disease-causing fungi and mold. Instead, water the base of the plant and under the foliage.
Avoiding fertilizers high in nitrogen
When you think of fertilizers, you probably picture the ones that are high in nitrogen. However, green beans are nitrogen fixers, meaning that they can build up the necessary nitrogen in their roots. As such, using fertilizers high in nitrogen can adversely affect the growth of your plants. The excess nitrogen can cause excessive leaf and stem growth, resulting in small or no beans. This is especially true of nitrogen-rich fertilizers.
In general, beans grow best in full sunlight. They will produce smaller yields if grown in partial shade. A soil pH of six to eight is ideal. Beans can also be grown in average fertility levels. Before planting, prepare the planting bed with aged compost. A good source of nitrogen is aged compost, which provides the plant with important nutrients. It is best to avoid fertilizers that are high in nitrogen, because they can make your plants more susceptible to pests.